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dc.contributor.authorYela, José L.-
dc.contributor.authorHerrera, Carlos M.-
dc.identifier.citationEcological Entomology Volume 18, Issue 3, pages 259–269, August 1993es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe annual cycle of noctuid moths feeding as larvae on the foliage of eighteen woody plant species (belonging to ten different families) was studied at two southeastern Spanish Mediterranean forest habitats. Two questions were addressed in this study. (1) Does the rigorous (hot and dry) summer season characteristic of the Mediterranean-type climate impose a constraint on noctuid life histories? (2) Are there detectable differences in abundance or phenological patterns between the noctuid assemblages feeding on evergreen and winter-deciduous trees and shrubs? 2 Regardless of their leaf persistence habit, the majority of woody species studied had short shoot growth and leaf production periods in spring. Abundance of noctuid larvae peaked in May-June, shortly after host plants started to produce new leaves. Virtually no noctuid larvae were found on the foliage of the woody species studied at other times of year. Abundance and seasonal pattern of occurrence of larvae were similar on evergreen and deciduous food plants. 3 In contrast with the unimodal seasonal pattern exhibited by larvae, the abundance of adult moths (assessed by light trapping) showed two distinct peaks in early summer and early autumn, and a marked minimum in mid-summer. 4 Most woody plant-feeding noctuids recorded in this study (86% of species, about 95% of individuals) were univoltine. Univoltine species fell into one of two distinct life history categories, corresponding to pre- and post-summer flight periods. These two contrasting phenologies were associated with a bimodality in the duration of the pupal stage (‘short’ versus ‘long’), and were closely related to taxonomical affiliation at the subfamily level. 5 Within the ‘short’ pupal duration group, some species mate and oviposit shortly after emergence and pass the dry season in the egg stage, while others remain as potentially active, non-reproductive adults over most of the summer and mate by the end of that season. Species in the ‘long’ pupal duration group pass the summer in pupal or prepupal stage. 6 In the Mediterranean habitats studied, the adversity of the summer dry season seems to have led to a woody plant-feeding noctuid species assemblage almost entirely made up of univoltine species that concentrate their larval phases when suitable food (young leaves) is most abundant, and ‘avoid’ mid-summer as a flight time by emerging either shortly before or shortly after the adverse summer drought period. Year-round foliage availability afforded by dominant evergreen plants does not seem to have influenced the seasonal organization of noctuid cycles in any substantial way.es_ES
dc.publisherRoyal Entomological Society (Great Britain)es_ES
dc.subjectEvergreen plantses_ES
dc.subjectlife historyes_ES
dc.subjectMediterranean forestes_ES
dc.subjectMediterranean climatees_ES
dc.titleSeasonality and life cycles of woody plant-feeding noctuid moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Mediterranean habitatses_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
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