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Tuneable magnetic patterning of paramagnetic Fe60Al40 (at. %) by consecutive ion irradiation through pre-lithographed shadow masks

AuthorsVarea, A.; Menéndez, E.; Montserrat, J.; Lora-Tamayo D’Ocón, Emilio; Nogués, Josep ; Sort, J.
Issue Date2011
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
CitationJournal of Applied Physics 109(9): 093918 (2011)
AbstractArrays of ferromagnetic circular dots (with diameters ranging from 225 to 420 nm) have been prepared at the surface of atomically ordered paramagnetic Fe60Al40 (at. %) sheets by means of ion irradiation through prelithographed poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) masks. The cumulative effects of consecutive ion irradiation (using Ar+ ions at 1.2 × 1014 ions/cm2 with 10, 13, 16, 19 and 22 keV incident energies) on the properties of the patterned dots have been investigated. A progressive increase in the overall magneto-optical Kerr signal is observed for increasingly larger irradiation energies, an effect which is ascribed to accumulation of atomic disorder. Conversely, the coercivity, HC, shows a maximum after irradiating at 16–19 keV and it decreases for larger irradiation energies. Such a decrease in HC is ascribed to the formation of vortex states during magnetization reversal, in agreement with results obtained from micromagnetic simulations. At the same time, the PMMA layer, with an initial thickness of 90 nm, becomes progressively thinned during the successive irradiation processes. After irradiation at 22 keV, the remaining PMMA layer is too thin to stop the incoming ions and, consequently, ferromagnetism starts to be generated underneath the nominally masked areas. These experimental results are in agreement with calculations using the Monte-Carlo simulation Stopping Range of Ions in Matter software, which show that for exceedingly thin PMMA layers Ar+ ions can reach the Fe60Al40 layer despite the presence of the mask.
Description8 páginas, 8 figuras.-- et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3590158
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
(IMB-CNM) Artículos
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