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Limits for the vortex state spin torque oscillator in magnetic nanopillars: Micromagnetic simulations for a thin free layer

AuthorsAranda, G. R. ; González, Julián M.; Val, Juan J. ; Guslienko, Konstantin Y
Issue Date2010
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
CitationJournal of Applied Physics 108(12): 123914 (2010)
AbstractWe report micromagnetic simulations of magnetization dynamics of a vortex state in the free layer of a circular nanopillar excited by the spin transfer torque effect of a perpendicular to the layer (dot) plane spin-polarized electrical current. The magnetization of the reference layer (polarizer) is assumed to be fixed. A new regime of the dynamic magnetization response to the current is reported: vortex expelling from the dot, subsequent in-plane magnetization oscillations in single domain state, and the vortex return with an opposite core polarization. We analyze conditions (limits of the vortex state as a nano-oscillator) to achieve steady magnetization oscillations corresponding to a gyrotropic motion of the vortex core in terms of the current intensity. These conditions are formulated via the critical currents and vary greatly with the magnetic damping parameter and the cell size used for micromagnetic simulations. The existing experiments on the current induced magnetization dynamics in nanopillars and nanocontacts are discussed.
Description12 páginas, 13 figuras.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3524222
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