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Stamen development and winter dormancy in apricot (Prunus armeniaca)

AuthorsJulián Lagunas, Carmen CSIC; Rodrigo García, Javier; Herrero Romero, María CSIC ORCID
Cambium activation
carbohydrate partitioning
chilling requirement
pollen development
Prunus armeniaca
stamen development
vascular differentiation
Issue DateSep-2011
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJulián C, Rodrigo J, Herrero M. Stamen development and winter dormancy in apricot (Prunus armeniaca). Annals of botany 108 (4): 617-625 (2011)
AbstractBackground and Aims: In temperate woody perennials, flower bud development is halted during the winter, when the buds enter dormancy. This dormant period is a prerequisite for adequate flowering, is genetically regulated, and plays a clear role in possibly adapting species and cultivars to climatic areas. However, information on the biological events underpinning dormancy is lacking. Stamen development, with clear differentiated stages, appears as a good framework to put dormancy in a developmental context. Here, stamen developmental changes are characterized in apricot (Prunus armeniaca) and are related to dormancy. Methods: Stamen development was characterized cytochemically from the end of August to March, over 4 years. Developmental changes were related to dormancy, using the existing empirical information on chilling requirements. Key Results: Stamen development continued during the autumn, and the flower buds entered dormancy with a fully developed sporogenous tissue. Although no anatomical changes were observed during dormancy, breaking of dormancy occurred following a clear sequence of events. Starch accumulated in particular places, pre-empting further development in those areas. Vascular bundles developed and pollen mother cells underwent meiosis followed by microspore development. Conclusions: Dormancy appears to mark a boundary between the development of the sporogenous tissue and the occurrence of meiosis for further microspore development. Breaking of dormancy occurs following a clear sequence of events, providing a developmental context in which to study winter dormancy and to evaluate differences in chilling requirements among genotypes.
Description26 Pag. The definitive version is available at: http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcr056
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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