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Heterogeneous precipitation of silver nanoparticles on kaolinite plates

AuthorsCabal, Belén ; Torrecillas, Ramón ; Malpartida Romero, Francisco; Moya, J. S.
Issue Date2010
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitationNanotechnology 21(47): 475705 (2010)
AbstractTwo different methods to obtain silver nanoparticles supported on kaolin crystals have been performed: the first one followed a thermal reduction and the second one a chemical reduction. In both cases, the silver nanoparticles with two different average particles size (ca.12 and 30 nm) were perfectly isolated and attached to the surface of the kaolin plates. The silver nanoparticles were localized mainly at the edge of the single crystal plates, the hydroxyl groups being the main centres of adsorption. The samples were fully characterized by XRD, UV–vis spectroscopy and TEM. The antimicrobial benefits of the composites were evaluated as antibacterial against common Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and antifungal activity against yeast. The results indicated a high antimicrobial activity for Escherichia coli JM 110 and Micrococcus luteus, while being inactive against yeast under our experimental conditions. The chemical analysis of Ag in the fermentation broths show that only a small portion of metal (<9 ppm) is released from the kaolin/metakaolin particles. Therefore, the risk of toxicity due to a high concentration of metal in the medium is minimized.
Description7 páginas, 6 figuras, 2 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/21/47/475705
Appears in Collections:(ICMM) Artículos
(CINN) Artículos
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