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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/43687

The effect of aquaculture practices on the benthic macroinvertebrate community of a lagoon system in the Bay of Cádiz (southwestern Spain)

AutorDrake, Pilar ; Arias, Alberto M.
Palabras claveAquaculture practice
Benthic macroinvertebrate community
Bay of Cadiz
SW Spain
Semi-enclosed polyculture lagoons (SPL)
Enclosed monoculture ponds (EMP)
Fecha de publicacióndic-1997
EditorEstuarine Research Federation
CitaciónEstuaries and Coasts 20(4): 677-688 (1997)
ResumenMonthly quantitative Ekman-Birge grab sampling was used to characterize and compare the composition and structure of the benthic macroinvertebrate community inhabiting semi-enclosed polyculture lagoons (SPL) (three sampling sites) and enclosed monoculture ponds (EMP) (two sampling sites) of a lagoonal system of the Bay of Cádiz. The two areas differed considerably in habitat characteristics and aquaculture management. The SPL area was characterized by low rates of water exchange, low fish densities, and the presence of a macroalgal cover. In the EMP area, there was a complete exchange of water daily (by pumping) and a supply of food pellets, density of fish was high, and no vegetative cover was present. There were considerable differences in species composition between habitats with different culture methods: 11 of the 21 most abundant species were exclusive to one or the other. Several epibenthic species were abundant in the polyculture lagoon but were low in density or were absent in monoculture ponds. Some infaunal species, on the other hand, were more abundant in the monoculture ponds. Univeriate measures of community structure (abundance and biomass, Margalef’s species richness, Shannon-Wiener diversity, and Pielou’s evenness indices) did not indicate significant differences between the SPL and EMP areas. Conversely, the abundance-biomass comparison (ABC) method indicated that, on average, the macrobenthic community was moderately disturbed in the SPL and undisturbed in the EMP areas. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) ordination and hierarchical cluster analysis (Bray-Curtis similarity measure) revealed the occurrence of two main benthic assemblages that corresponded to the aquaculture methods. The different rates of water exchange for the two aquaculture practices seem to have contributed to differences in the composition and structure of the benthic communities.
Descripción12 páginas, 4 figuras, 5 tablas.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1352243
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