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Title

A new microphthalmic stygobitic Graptodytes Seidlitz from Morocco, with a molecular phylogeny of the genus (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae)

AuthorsRibera, Ignacio ; Faille, Arnaud
KeywordsColeoptera
Dytiscidae
Graptodytes
Subterranean medium
New species
Diving beetle
Molecular phylogeny
Issue DateOct-2010
PublisherMagnolia Press
CitationZootaxa 2641: 1-14 (2010)
AbstractWe describe Graptodytes eremitus n.sp. (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae), a depigmented, microphthalmic stygobitic species found in a pool in the deep area of a cave in the High Atlas of Morocco. To establish its phylogenetic position we inferred a molecular phylogeny of the genus Graptodytes Seidlitz, using ca. 1.7 Kb of four mitochondrial genes for 18 of the 23 previously known species and subspecies of the genus. Graptodytes can be separated in three well supported main lineages, 1) the G. flavipes lineage (apex of median lobe narrow in ventral view), 2) the G. granularis lineage (apex of median lobe expanded and strongly asymmetrical in ventral view), and 3) the G. varius lineage (apex of median lobe expanded but symmetrical in ventral view). The G. varius lineage includes the G. aequalis and G. varius groups, the latter including G. eremitus n.sp. as sister to G. delectus Wollaston (Canary Islands) plus the G. varius complex. A molecular clock approach, using a calibration rate of 2.3% divergence/MY for the combined mitochondrial sequence, estimated the origin of the diversification within the genus at ca. 7MY (late Miocene), and the origin of G. eremitus n.sp. at ca. 2 MY (Pliocene-Pleistocene boundary).
Description14 páginas, 13 figuras, 2 tablas.-- Articulo Open Access.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2010/2641.html
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/43612
ISSN1175-5326
E-ISSN1175-5334
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