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When selection deceives phylogeographic interpretation: The case of the Mediterranean house gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758)

AutorRato, Catarina; Carranza, Salvador ; Harris, David James
Palabras claveHemidactylus turcicus
Selective sweep
Fecha de publicaciónfeb-2011
CitaciónMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58(2): 365-373 (2011)
ResumenA previous study on Hemidactylus turcicus based on mtDNA makers indicated that this gecko has a Middle-East origin, and that the current phylogeographic pattern is the result of a very rapid spread from the east to the west of the species’ range. The same study identified two distinct mitochondrial lineages with low differentiation and genetic diversity. Since H. turcicus is known to be closely associated to humanized environments, its present distribution range and phylogeography is frequently interpreted to be the result of recurrent human-mediated introductions. These conclusions used to be the same as those used to interpret the results obtained for the European populations of another gecko, Tarentola mauritanica. However, a recent study has revealed that the phylogeographic pattern of T. mauritanica is not solely the result of a recent colonization, but also of a mitochondrial selective sweep. Could the same be occurring in H. turcicus? To answer this question, two mitochondrial (12S rRNA and cytochrome b) and two nuclear genes (ACM4 and Rag2) were used in this study. From the mtDNA data we confirmed the existence of two distinct phylogeographic lineages; one occurring exclusively in the northern Mediterranean (Clade A), and another one more widespread that is the only lineage present in North Africa (Clade B). In light of these results, we could hypothesize that H. turcicus had its origin in Turkey, and from there Clade A moved to Europe and Clade B to North Africa spreading latter into Europe. However, Clade A presents significantly higher nucleotide diversity for the nuclear DNA compared to the mtDNA, and neutrality tests gave significant results for the mitochondrial data. These results suggest that the lack of mtDNA genetic diversity and structure in the European population of H. turcicus could also be due to a selective sweep, and not only because of a recent colonization. Together with the situation reported in T. mauritanica, the identification of a hitch-hiking process occurring in H. turcicus, represents two unprecedented cases of a selective sweep taking place in the same geographic area shaping the phylogeographic patterns of two unrelated genera of geckos.
Descripción9 páginas, 4 figuras, 3 tablas.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.12.004
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