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Tissue-specific induction of EROD activity and CYP1A protein in Sparus aurata exposed to B(a)P and TCDD

AuthorsOrtiz-Delgado, Juan B. ; Behrens, A.; Segner, Helmut; Sarasquete, Carmen
Sparus aurata
Issue Date21-Feb-2007
CitationEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety 69(1): 80-88 (2008)
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to compare xenobiotic CYP1A induction in liver, gills, and excretory kidney of gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata. Fishes were exposed via water for 20 days to different concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) or 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). CYP1A was measured at the enzyme activity level as 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, and at the protein level by means of ELISA. The liver displayed the highest absolute levels of EROD activity, both under non-exposed and exposed conditions. Organ- or inducer-related differences in the time course of CYP1A induction were moderate; however, the magnitude of the induction response varied between the organs and between B(a)P and TCDD. In the case of TCDD, liver, and kidney yielded a comparable induction response, whereas in the case of B(a)P, the kidney showed a substantially higher maximum induction factor than the liver. In the gills, the two xenobiotics resulted in similar maximum induction factors. In B(a)P-exposed seabream, EROD activities and CYP1A protein levels showed a good correlation in all three organs, whereas with TCDD as inducer the correlation was poor, what was mainly due to a decrease of EROD activities at the higher concentrations of TCDD, while CYP1A protein levels showed no concomitant decline. Overall, the study revealed both similarities and differences in the time-, concentration-, and inducer-dependent CYP1A responses of the three target organs, liver, kidney, and gills. Although, the findings of this study principally confirm the notion of the liver as the major metabolic organ in fish, they also provide evidence for substantial metabolic potential in gills and particularly in the kidney.
Description9 páginas, 3 figuras, 2 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2006.12.021
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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