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Development of an Optimized ELISA and a Sample Preparation Method for the Detection of beta-Lactoglobulin Traces in Baby Foods

AuthorsPelaez-Lorenzo, Cristina; Diez-Masa, Jose Carlos; Vasallo, Isabel; Frutos, Mercedes de
trace levels
baby food
sample preparation method
Issue Date10-Feb-2010
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Agricultural Food Chemistry 58 : 1664–1671 (2010)
AbstractDairy products can induce allergic reactions even when present at very low levels, such as levels found in involuntary contamination during food manufacturing. β-Lactoglobulin (βLG) is the main allergen in cow’s milk. The objective of this work was to develop a sensitive method for βLG detection in baby foods through the optimization of an innovative sample preparation method. Three types of baby foods deliberately contaminated with dairy products or dairy desserts were sterilized to simulate the potential contamination occurring during manufacturing and then used as samples. Different sample preparation methods were compared. The best results were provided by an extraction solution containing β-mercaptoethanol, guanidine hydrochloride, and a saline solution. An ELISA method was optimized for the detection of βLG (LOD = 9.7 10 -13 M). The developed method allowed detection of even 1 part of dairy product in 100,000 parts of baby food for some of the analyzed foods.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf9041485
Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos
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