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Disruption of gonadal maturation in cultured Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis Kaup by continuous light and/or constant temperature regimes

AuthorsGarcía-López, Ángel ; Pascual, E. ; Sarasquete, Carmen ; Martínez-Rodríguez, Gonzalo
Reproductive cycle
Environmental factors
Sex hormones
Issue Date15-Sep-2006
CitationAquaculture 261(2): 789-798 (2006)
AbstractA major problem in the development of Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis intensive culture is the poor control on reproduction, in part due to the lack of knowledge on the precise role of photoperiod and temperature. Thus, gonadal maturation was evaluated by assessing the sequential changes in plasma levels of 17β-estradiol (E2), 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT), and testosterone (T) in both female and male cultured Senegalese sole (F1 generation) exposed to various combinations of constant or naturally-fluctuating daylength and water temperature. Under natural photoperiod (NP; 36° N), exposure to constant temperature (t0; 18–20 °C) disrupted gonadal development, as indicated by a lower incidence (in comparison with naturally-fluctuating water temperature; 14–24 °C) of females at advanced maturation (from February to April: 12 vs. 33%) and running males (from February to May: 46% vs. 57%), and the reduced mean (± S.E.M.) sex steroid plasma levels (female peak E2 levels: 2.9 ± 0.28 vs. 1.8 ± 0.3 ng ml− 1; male peak T levels: 1.5 ± 0.14 vs. 0.9 ± 0.06 ng ml− 1). Therefore, the onset and progression of gonadal development in this species seem to be strongly (“proximally”) influenced by fluctuating water temperature. When compared to NP and t0, exposure to continuous light (LL) under t0 significantly reduced steroid production (female peak E2 levels: 1.8 ± 0.28 vs. 0.5 ± 0.05 ng ml− 1; male peak 11-KT levels: 9.4 ± 1.06 vs. 5.4 ± 1.33 ng ml− 1) and subsequently gonadal development (lower proportions of females at intermediate [46 vs. 6%] and advanced maturation [12 vs. 0%] from February to April and of RM [46 vs. 33%] from February to May). Thus, the seasonal changes of daylength would be crucial for normal gonadal development, being its cueing effects of higher magnitude than those of water temperature. The present report constitutes the first systematic study focused on the environmental control of reproductive events in Senegalese sole.
Description10 páginas, 6 figuras.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.09.005
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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