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Title

Capillary isoelectric focusing of erythropoietin glycoforms and its comparison with flat-bed isoelectric focusing and capillary zone electrophoresis

AuthorsCifuentes, Alejandro ; Moreno-Arribas, M. Victoria ; Frutos, Mercedes de; Dıez-Masa, Jose Carlos
KeywordsIsoelectric focusing
Erythropoietin
Proteins
Issue Date1999
CitationJournal of Chromatography A, 830 : 453–463 (1999)
AbstractThe influence of several operation conditions on separation of recombinant human erythropoietin glycoforms by capillary isoelectric focusing (cIEF) is explored. From this study it is deduced that in order to separate several glycoforms of erythropoietin, urea has to be added to sample, which should not be completely depleted of the excipients used in its formulation. On-line desalting does not provide separation enhancement for samples with high content of salt. Better resolution is obtained using a mixture of a broad and a narrow pH-range carrier ampholytes than with either one used separately. Under the experimental conditions, focusing voltages of 25 kV improve separation compared to lower and higher electric fields. Focusing times shorter than the time necessary for electric current to reach a minimum provide similar separations than longer focusing times at which a minimum value of the current has already been achieved. The optimized method allows the separation and quantitation in 12 min of at least seven bands containing glycoforms of recombinant erythropoietin with apparent isoelectric points in the range 3.78–4.69. Compared to flat-bed isoelectric focusing, cIEF provides better separation of bands of glycoforms in a shorter time, and allows quantitative determination. Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) gives rise to resolution of erythropoietin glycoforms similar to that obtained by cIEF. Although CZE requires a longer analysis time, its reproducibility in terms of peak area of glycoforms is better than in cIEF. Ó 1999
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00875-9
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/42446
DOI10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00875-9
ISSN0021-9673
Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos
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