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Growth responses of micropropagated cassava clones as affected by Glomus Intraradices colonization

AuthorsCarretero Montero, C. L.; Cantos, Manuel ; García Fernández, José Luis ; Azcón González de Aguilar, Rosario; Troncoso de Arce, Antonio
KeywordsGlomus intraradices
Ttransplant stress
Growth stimulation
Issue Date2009
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationJournal of Plant Nutrition 32 (2): 261-273 (2009)
AbstractThis study reports the effectiveness of an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus intraradices on three clones (SOM-1, 05 and 50) of cassava (Manihot esculenta). Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation increased plant resistance to transplant stress from “in vitro” to “ex vitro” conditions and plant biomass (shoot and root) production was greatly enhanced by AM-colonization. The magnitude of AM growth stimulation over control clones was: 861% (SOM-1), 1042% (05) and 854% (50). Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonized cassava plants increased cassavawater uptake in terms of percentage, 62% in clone SOM-1, 24% in clone 05, and 157% in clone 50. The highest effect of AM-colonization on water content in root of clone 50 was correlated with the greatest increment in leaf tissue production (1218% over control) and with the maximum shoot/root ratio determined. The biomass distribution between shoot and root was changed by AMsymbiosis and such effect varied for each clone that may be caused by mycorrhizal changes in macro/micro-nutrients translocation/compartimentation. Cassava dependence on AM symbiosis was greatest in clone SOM-1 since AM-colonization provided the highest stem (weight, length, and diameters), leaf (weight and number), bud number, and root weight. These results lead to practical applications because AM inoculation is crucial for improving cassava yield (shoot and root) and nutrition irrespective of the clone involved. Thus, importance of AM symbiosis in micropropagated cassava clones is of great practical interest in agriculture and allows the selection of the most suitable clone for dry environments due to the particular effect on root water content that improves drought adaptation.
Description13 pages, 9 tables, 14 references.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01904160802608601
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