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Composition and evolution of the lithospheric mantle in central Spain: inferences from peridotite xenoliths from the Cenozoic Calatrava volcanic field

AutorVillaseca, Carlos ; Ancochea, Eumenio; Orejana, D.; Jeffries, T. E.
Fecha de publicación2010
EditorGeological Society of London
CitaciónPetrological evolution of the European Lithospheric Mantle: 125-151 (2010)
SerieSpecial Publications
ResumenSpinel lherzolite xenoliths from the Cenozoic Calatrava volcanic field provide a sampling of the lithospheric mantle of central Spain. The xenoliths are estimated to originate from depths of 35–50 km. Trace element content of clinopyroxene and Cr-number in spinel indicate low degrees of partial melting (≤ 5%) of the xenoliths. Although a major element whole-rock model suggests wider degrees of melting, the Calatrava peridotite chemistry indicates a moderately fertile mantle beneath central Spain. Calatrava peridotite xenoliths bear evidence for interaction with two different metasomatic agents. The enrichment in LREE(light rare earth element), Th, U and Pb, and the negative anomalies in Nb–Ta in clinopyroxene and amphibole from xenoliths of El Aprisco, indicate that the metasomatic agent was probably a subduction-related melt, whereas the enrichment in MREE in clinopyroxene from xenoliths of the Cerro Pelado centre suggests an alkaline melt similar to the host undersaturated magmas. These metasomatic agents are also consistent with the chemistry of interstitial glasses found in xenoliths of the two volcanic centres. Differences in metasomatism but also in mantle composition is supported by Sr–Nd whole-rock data which show a more radiogenic nature for Sr isotopes of samples from the El Aprisco centre (87Sr/86Sr ratios of 0.7035–0.7044 instead of 0.7032–0.7037 for samples from Cerro Pelado). The timing of the subduction-related metasomatic stage is unconstrained, although the Calatrava intraplate volcanism intrudes an old Variscan lithospheric section reworked during the converging plate system affecting SE Iberia in the Tertiary. The presence of wehrlite types within the Calatrava peridotite xenoliths is here interpreted as a reaction of host lherzolites with silica-undersaturated silicate melts that could be related to the Calatrava alkaline magmatism. The Sr–Nd isotopic composition of Calatrava peridotites plot within the European athenospheric reservoir(EAR) mantle, these values represent more enriched signatures than those found in the other Spanish Cenozoic alkaline province of Olot.
Descripción27 páginas, 14 figuras, 5 tablas.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1144/SP337.7
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