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Promotion of multipoint covalent immobilization through different regions of genetically modified penicillin G acylase from E. coli

AuthorsGrazú, Valeria; López-Gallego, Fernando; Montes, Tamara ; Abian, Olga ; González García, Ramón ; Hermoso, Juan A. ; García, José Luis ; Mateo González, César ; Guisán, José Manuel
KeywordsDirected immobilization
Multipoint covalent attachment
Directed rigidification
Enzyme stabilization
Issue DateMar-2010
CitationProcess Biochemistry 45(3): 390-398 (2010)
AbstractA novel approach is proposed to prepare a set of immobilized derivatives of a enzyme covalently rigidified through different regions of its surface. Six different variants of penicillin G acylase (PGA) from Escherichia coli (which lacks Cys) were prepared by introducing a unique Cys residue via site-directed mutagenesis in six different enzyme regions which were rich in Lys residues. All variants exhibited a similar activity and stability compared to those of the native enzyme. Each variant was immobilized on supports having a low concentration of reactive disulfide moieties and a high concentration of poorly reactive epoxy groups. After immobilization at pH 7.0 by site-directed thiol-disulfide intermolecular exchange, derivatives were further incubated at pH 10.0 for 48 h to promote an additional intramolecular reaction between Lys residues of enzyme and epoxy groups of the support. The establishment of at least three covalent attachments per PGA molecule was determined for all immobilized enzyme variants. The different derivatives exhibited diverse stability against several distorting agents and different selectivity in two interesting reactions. The derivative of the PGA variant obtained by replacement of GlnB380 by Cys was the most stable against heat and organic cosolvents: it preserved 90% of the initial activity and was 30-fold more stable than soluble PGA. This derivative also exhibited an improved enantioselectivity in the hydrolysis of chiral esters (E was improved from 8 to 16) and in kinetically controlled synthesis of amides (synthetic yields were increased from 31 to 49%).
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2009.10.013
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