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Pasting properties of transgenic lines of a commercial bread wheat expressing combinations of HMW glutenin subunit genes

AuthorsLeón, Elena; Pistón, Fernando ; Aouni, Racha; Shewry, Peter R.; Rosell, Cristina M. ; Martín, Antonio ; Barro Losada, Francisco
Issue DateMay-2010
CitationJournal of Cereal Science (2010) 51: 344-349
AbstractSeven transgenic lines of a commercial wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar expressing transgenic subunits 1Ax1, 1Dx5 and 1Dy10, alone or in combination have been developed. Pasting properties were determined in these transgenic lines using a Rapid Visco Analyser (RVA) in order to determine the possible impact of HMW-GS transgene expression on the starch properties. Expression of the HMW-GS transgenes increased the proportions of the corresponding 1Ax, 1Dx and 1Dy subunits affecting significantly the ratios of HMW-GS:LMW-GS and x-type:y-type HMW-GS. Starch granule size distribution varied significantly among all transgenic lines, with the Anza control and transgenic line T616 (expressing subunits 1Ax1 and 1Dy10) showing the highest and the lowest percentage of B granules, respectively. All transgenic lines increased the water binding capacities (WBC) at 25ºC and 90ºC. Line T606 (expressing subunits 1Ax1 and 1Dx5) and line T590 (expressing subunit 1Dy10) showed the lowest and the highest values for peak viscosity, respectively. Notably, lines expressing only transgenic x-type subunits (T580, T581 and T606), with high ratios of x-type:y-type HMW-GS, had low peak viscosities, final viscosities and breakdown viscosities. Line T590 had the highest breakdown viscosity while lines T606 and T581 had the lowest.
Description6 pages, 4 tables, 1 figure.-- Available online 19 February 2010.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2010.02.002
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