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Frontal analysis for characterizing the adsorption-desorption behavior of beta-lactoglobulin on immunoadsorbents

AuthorsPuerta, Angel de la ; Vidal-Madjar, Claire; Jaulmes, Alain; Diez-Masa, Jose Carlos; Frutos, Mercedes de
KeywordsComputer simulation
Adsorption–desorption kinetics
Affinity chromatography
Issue Date2006
CitationJournal of Chromatography 1119 : 34–42 (2006)
AbstractHigh-performance frontal affinity chromatography was employed to study the adsorption–desorption kinetics characterizing the retention of Beta-lactoglobulin (Beta-LG) onto polyclonal anti-Beta-lactoglobulin (anti-Beta-LG) chromatographic supports. The adsorption and desorption processes were studied by analyzing two different elution fronts separated by a relatively long rinsing step. The method consists in performing two successive frontal injections of the protein. In between, the column was rinsed with a given volume of mobile phase (buffer alone). During this rinsing stage, a partial desorption may occur and a novel amount of protein could be adsorbed in the second frontal injection step. The whole process (first adsorption, possible desorption, and second adsorption) was simulated by a numerical procedure, in which the column was divided into a large number of slices. A model based on bi-Langmuir type kinetics was used to describe the adsorption of the protein on the support. The model assumes a non-uniform adsorbent with two types of binding sites. At equilibrium the adsorption isotherm is of the bi-Langmuir type. A global adsorption effect was considered which includes the effective binding process and the mass transfer resistances due to the transport to the binding site. Therefore, the column capacity and the kinetic parameters of the model (apparent adsorption and desorption rate constants) were determined from the best fit of the first and second adsorption fronts to the experimental ones. The other parameters of the model are the saturation capacities for the adsorption on each type of sites. The equilibrium affinity constants were estimated in a single experiment from the ratio of the apparent adsorption and desorption rate constants. The high values found (around 108 M−1) reveal a strong interaction of -LG with the immunoadsorbent. Kinetic measurements were carried out at different flow rates. Both the apparent adsorption and desorption kinetics were faster at larger flow rates, indicating an important contribution of the mass transfer resistance in the stagnant fluid at the particle boundary. However, as expected, close values were found for the resulting equilibrium constants calculated from the ratio of the apparent adsorption and desorption rate constant determined at various flow rates.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.12.010
Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos
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