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Altitudinal distributions of BDE-209 and other polybromodiphenyl ethers in high mountain lakes

AuthorsBartrons, Mireia ; Grimalt, Joan O. ; Catalán, Jordi
Keywordspolybromodiphenyl ethers
organohalogen compounds
high mountains
temperature dependence
microbial biofilms
long range transport
Issue DateJul-2011
CitationEnvironmental Pollution 159 (7): 1816-1822 (2011)
AbstractThe present study shows the occurrence of 2,2′,3,3′,4,4′,5,5′,6,6′-decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) in microbial biofilms of Pyrenean and Tatra high mountain lakes despite its low vapor pressure and high hydrophobicity. Aerosol air transport is therefore a feasible mechanism for BDE-209 accumulation in sites up to 2688 m above sea level. This compound and other PBDEs exhibit altitudinally-dependent distribution involving higher concentrations with increasing mountain lake elevation. However, the apparently very high enthalpies of the concentration gradients observed, including BDE-209, suggest that bacterial anaerobic debromination also plays a significant role in the resulting altitudinal distributions. This microbial mechanism explains the relative abundances of PBDEs and their within lake differences between rocky and sediment microbial biofilms, thereby showing that the altitudinal pattern observed is not purely due to water temperature control on bacterial activity but also to changes in the availability of anaerobic microenvironments which increase with increasing lake productivity at lower altitudes. Capsule: Decabromodiphenyl ether and the other polybromodiphenyl congeners show vertical distributions in high mountains due to temperature effects and microbial degradation.
Description24 páginas, 3 tablas, 4 figuras.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.03.027
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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Figure1 bartronsetal.docxTabla 1133 kBMicrosoft Word XMLView/Open
Table 2 bartrons et al.docxTabla 217,91 kBMicrosoft Word XMLView/Open
Table 3 bartrons et al.docTabla 357 kBMicrosoft WordView/Open
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