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Electromagnetic induction as a basis for soil salinity monitoring within a Mediterranean irrigation district

AuthorsHerrero Isern, Juan CSIC ORCID ; Netthisinghe, A.; Hudnall, Wayne H.; Pérez-Coveta, Olga CSIC
Flumen district
Issue DateAug-2011
CitationHerrero J, Netthisinghe A, Hudnall WH, Pérez-Coveta O. Electromagnetic induction as a basis for soil salinity monitoring within a Mediterranean irrigation district. Journal of Hydrology 405(3-4): 427-438 (2011)
AbstractSoil salinity encroachment is an increasing concern in many irrigated lands, because of the undesirable effects of soluble salts on agricultural production and on water quality. From this point of view, the design and management of irrigation districts can be evaluated by monitoring the soil salinity. There are few cases in the world where comparisons can be undertaken from ‘historic’ data sets for extents other than individual plots. We demonstrate a monitoring procedure using electromagnetic induction (EMI) survey in an irrigated district in Spain. This district is the only one having an established soil salinity baseline. The EMI data acquired at the same plots were converted to soil electrical conductivity by calibrating with augered soil samples. The presented calibrations improve the baseline for future comparisons and for the treatment and understanding of new acquisitions of field data in next surveys. A shortcoming inherent to destructive soil sampling is its potential for biasing effects on long-term monitoring of soil salinity by means of GPS or other means of accurate localization and relocalization of soil sampling, the herein called “localization paradox”, rarely treated in scientific papers. The localization paradox is relevant for any variable soil property requiring repeated sampling. This issue is discussed, and a way for its overcoming by using EMI readings displaced from the augering is presented. EMI needs calibration with a reduced number of soil samples analyzed in the lab. The adoption of our data treatment procedures will facilitate soil salinity monitoring.
Description28 Pag., 4 Tabl., 9 Fig. The definitive version is available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00221694
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.05.041
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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