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Drainage water quality and end-member identification in La Violada irrigation district (Spain)

AuthorsIsidoro, Daniel; Quílez Sáez de Viteri, Dolores CSIC ORCID; Aragüés Lafarga, Ramón CSIC
water quality
Ebro River Basin
Issue Date2010
CitationIsidoro D, Quílez D, Aragüés R. Drainage water quality and end-member identification in La Violada irrigation district (Spain). Journal of Hydrology 382 (1-4): 154-162 (2010)
AbstractThe identification of the different components in a water course is required to individualize and assess the actual contribution of irrigated agriculture to the pollution of the water course. This paper aimed at identifying and assessing the composition of the end-members in La Violada irrigation district (VID) and establishing a statistical procedure to reduce the sampling effort needed to establish drainage water quality. The quality of irrigation water, groundwater, and irrigated-land drainage water in VID was monitored during three hydrologic years to identify the components of flow in La Violada Gully, the natural exit course of VID. A network of sampling points in the secondary ditches and main drains of VID allowed identifying and separating those collecting irrigated-land drainage waters from those conveying high proportions of irrigation waters. Three end-member flows were identified in La Violada Gully during the irrigation season: (a) irrigation water arising from tail-waters, leakages and spills from the irrigation canals, very low in salts; (b) groundwater originating from the non-irrigated upper reaches of La Violada Gully watershed, high in Cl and Na+; and (c) VID drainage water, high in SO2 4 and Ca2+. The overall VID drainage water quality was accurately assessed through a simplified sampling scheme of only four sampling points that produced low errors of 0.1 dS/m for EC and 0.1 mmolc/L for Cl . The separation of La Violada Gully flow in these three components is essential for estimating the actual contribution of irrigation in VID to the salt and nitrogen loads in La Violada Gully.
Description32 Pag., 9 Fig., 5 Tabl. The definitive version is available at:
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