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The clumpiness of molecular clouds: HCO+ (3–2) survey near Herbig-Haro objects

AuthorsWhyatt, William; Girart, Josep Miquel ; Viti, Serena; Estalella, Robert; Williams, David A.
KeywordsISM: abundances
ISM: clouds
ISM: molecules
Radio lines: ISM
Stars: formation
Issue Date12-Feb-2010
PublisherEDP Sciences
CitationAstronomy and Astrophysics Review 510 : A74 (2010)
Abstract[Context] Some well-studied Herbig Haro objects have one or more cold, dense and quiescent clumps of gas associated with them. We propose that such clumps near an HH object can be used as a general measure of clumpiness in the molecular cloud that contains that HH object.
[Aims] Our aim is to survey clumps around a sample of HH objects and to use the results to estimate the clumpiness in molecular clouds.
[Methods] All known cold, dense and quiescent clumps near HH objects are anomalously strong HCO+ emitters. Our method is, therefore, to search for strong HCO+ emission as an indicator of a clump near an HH object. The searches were made using JCMT (for Northern hemisphere objects) and SEST (for Southern hemisphere objects) in the HCO+ (3–2) and also (for SEST observations) H13CO+ (1–0) lines, with some additional searches for methanol and sulphur monoxide lines. The selected sources were a sample of 22 HH objects in which no previous HCO+ emission had been detected.
[Results] We find that half of the HH objects have clumps detected in the HCO+ (3–2) line and that all searches in H13CO+ 1–0 lines show evidence of clumpiness. All condensations have narrow linewidths and are evidently unaffected dynamically by the HH jet shock.
[Conclusions] We conclude that the molecular clouds in which these HH objects are found must be highly heterogeneous on scales of less than 0.1 pc. An approximate calculation based on these results suggests that the area filling factor of clumps affected by HH objects is of ~10%. These clumps have gas number densities of cm-2.
Description10 páginas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/20078350
Appears in Collections:(ICE) Artículos
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