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Title

Exilio político y crítica artística. El caso de los republicanos españoles en México

Other TitlesPolitical Exile and Art Criticism. Spanish Republicans in Mexico
AuthorsCabañas Bravo, Miguel
KeywordsCrítica de arte española
exilio político español
escena artística mexicana
críticos de arte republicanos
Spanish art criticism
Spanish Political Exile
Mexican art scene
Republican art critics
Issue DateJul-2010
PublisherUniversidad Carlos III de Madrid
CitationRevista de Historiografía, número 13, VII (2/2010), pp. 30-55, ISSN: 1885-2718
Abstract[ES]Se aborda el proceso historiográfico relativo al asiento, producción y fortuna de los críticos de arte españoles partícipes en exilio republicano de 1939 en México. Además de los problemas generales de contexto e instalación, se plantea el bagaje y quehacer de estos críticos en el nuevo escenario y se analiza su destacada presencia e influencia en algunas etapas y momentos relevantes, con especial atención a los críticos más representativos y su profesionalidad, pues algunos fueron artistas que sólo abordaron la crítica ocasionalmente (Renau, García Maroto), otros la simultanearon con la creación plástica (Moreno Villa, Palencia, Gaya) y otros la ejercieron influyentemente (Fernández Márquez, Gual, de la Encina, Nelken). Entre todos, pues, contribuyeron a elevar el nivel de la crítica mexicana, a dar testimonio de la producción de los artistas exiliados, a difundir las corrientes del arte español y europeo, a valorar mejor el arte mexicano y a enriquecer con sus análisis el desarrollo de las historias del arte español y mexicano y sus proyecciones reflexivas.[SP]
[SP] This paper analyses the historiographical process which led to the establishment, production and fortune of the Spanish art critics who took part in the Republican exile of 1939 in Mexico. Apart from the general contextual problems, it analyses the cultural background and works of these critics in their new scene, and examines their distinguished presence and influence in some important periods and moments, placing special emphasis on the most professional and representative of these critics. The reason for this is that some were artists, such as Renau and García Maroto, who only occasionally devoted their time to art criticism, while others managed to exercise both activities at the same time, such as Moreno Villa, Palencia and Gaya. There were also critics such as Fernández Márquez, Gual, de la Encina and Nelken who achieved considerable influence through their criticism, and played an important part in improving the standards of Mexican art criticism, in particular by providing documentation of the exiled artists’ works, introducing and disseminating Spanish and European art trends, creating a better appreciation for Mexican art and enriching it through the analysis of the development of the Spanish and Mexican history of art and its reflexive project.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/37699
ISSN1885-2718
Appears in Collections:(CCHS-IH) Artículos
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