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The Cdc42 GEF Intersectin 2 controls mitotic spindle orientation to form the lumen during epithelial morphogenesis

AuthorsRodríguez-Fraticelli, Alejo E. ; Vergarajaúregui, Silvia ; Eastburn, Dennis J.; Datta, Anirban; Alonso, Miguel A. ; Mostov, Keith E.; Martín-Belmonte, Fernando
epithelial cells
Issue Date17-May-2010
PublisherRockefeller University Press
CitationJournal of Cell Biology 189 (4): 725-738
AbstractEpithelial organs are made of tubes and cavities lined by a monolayer of polarized cells that enclose the central lumen. Lumen formation is a crucial step in the formation of epithelial organs. The Rho guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Cdc42, which is a master regulator of cell polarity, regulates the formation of the central lumen in epithelial morphogenesis. However, how Cdc42 is regulated during this process is still poorly understood. Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) control the activation of small GTPases. Using the three-dimensional Madin–Darby canine kidney model, we have identified a Cdc42-specific GEF, Intersectin 2 (ITSN2), which localizes to the centrosomes and regulates Cdc42 activation during epithelial morphogenesis. Silencing of either Cdc42 or ITSN2 disrupts the correct orientation of the mitotic spindle and normal lumen formation, suggesting a direct relationship between these processes. Furthermore, we demonstrated this direct relationship using LGN, a component of the machinery for mitotic spindle positioning, whose disruption also results in lumen formation defects.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201002047
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