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Development of a “smart” tracer for the assessment of microbiological activity and sediment-water interaction in natural waters: the resazurin-resorufin system

AuthorsHaggerty, R. ; Argerich, A. ; Martí, Eugènia
Issue Date2008
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
CitationWater Resources Research 44(W00D01) : 1-10 (2008)
AbstractA ‘‘smart’’ tracer is a tracer that provides, directly or through measurement of its concentration or in combination with another compound, at least one ‘‘bit’’ more of information about the environment through which it travels than a conservative tracer. In this study we propose and present the chemical compound resazurin as a smart tracer to assess the coupling between solute transport and microbiological activity in sediment-water interfaces in freshwaters. Resazurin is a weakly fluorescent redox-sensitive dye that undergoes an irreversible reduction to strongly fluorescent resorufin under mildly reducing conditions, most commonly in the presence of living microorganisms. To investigate the suitability of resazurin as a smart tracer, we characterized the decay, sorption, reaction, and transport behavior of resazurin and resorufin in various waters and sediments using laboratory experiments. Results show that resazurin irreversibly and rapidly reacts to resorufin in colonized sediment with pseudo-first-order behavior and a rate coefficient of 1.41 h 1. This reaction is 3 orders of magnitude faster than that in stream water alone, indicating the tracer is sensitive to microbiological activity and associated sediment-water interactions. The compounds are affected by significant sorption, with an approximately linear isotherm and a Kd of 6.63 mL/g for resorufin in sediment with 2.19% organic carbon. The compounds are stable over weeks in natural water, except in the presence of strong light where significant photochemical decay may occur more rapidly.
Description10 Páginas ; 6 Figuras ; 2 Tablas (1a y 1b)
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007WR006670
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
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