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Fluorescence: Absorption coefficient ratio — Tracing photochemical and microbial degradation processes affecting coloured dissolved organic matter in a coastal system

AuthorsRomera-Castillo, Cristina ; Nieto-Cid, Mar ; Castro, Carmen G. ; Marrasé, Cèlia ; Largier, J.; Barton, Eric D. ; Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón
KeywordsColoured DOM
Fluorescent DOM
Fluorescence quantum yield
Coasta upwelling
Issue Date2011
CitationMarine chemistry 125(1-4): 26-38 (2011)
AbstractThe optical properties of coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) – absorption coefficient, induced fluorescence, and fluorescence quantum yield – were determined in the coastal eutrophic system of the Ría de Vigo (NW Spain) under two contrasting situations: a downwelling event in September 2006 and an upwelling event in June 2007. Significantly different optical properties were recorded in the shelf surface (higher absorption coefficient and lower quantum yield) and bottom (lower absorption coefficient and higher quantum yield) waters that entered the embayment during downwelling and upwelling conditions, respectively. Continental waters presented distinctly high CDOM levels. The spatial and temporal variability of the induced fluorescence to absorption coefficient ratio during the mixing of shelf and continental waters was used to quantify the relative importance of photochemical and microbial processes under these contrasting hydrographic conditions. Photochemical processes were dominant during the downwelling episode: 86% of the variability of CDOM can be explained by photochemical degradation. On the contrary, microbial processes prevailed during the upwelling event: 77% of the total variability of CDOM was explained by microbial respiration.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2011.02.001
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