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Title

Lack of CB1 receptor activity impairs serotonergic negative feedback

AuthorsMengod Los Arcos, Guadalupe CSIC ORCID; Valverde, Olga
Keywords5-hydroxytryptamine
5-Hydroxytryptamine1A
5-HT2C
5-HTT
CB1 cannabinoid receptor
Issue Date3-Mar-2009
PublisherInternational Society for Neurochemistry
Wiley-Blackwell
CitationJournal of Neurochemistry 109(3): 935–944 (2009)
AbstractSerotonergic and endocannabinoid systems are important substrates for the control of emotional behaviour and growing evidence show an involvement in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. In the present study, the absence of the activity of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor impaired serotonergic negative feedback in mice. Thus, in vivo microdialysis experiments revealed increased basal 5-HT extracellular levels and attenuated fluoxetine-induced increase of 5-HT extracellular levels in the prefrontal cortex of CB1 knockout compared with wild-type mice. These observations could be related to the significant reduction in the 5-HT transporter binding site density detected in frontal cortex and hippocampus of CB1 knockout mice. The lack of CB1 receptor also altered some 5-HT receptors related to the 5-HT feedback. Extracellular recordings in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) revealed that the genetic and pharmacological blockade of CB1 receptor induced a 5-HT1A autoreceptor functional desensitization. In situ hybridization studies showed a reduction in the expression of the 5-HT2C receptor within several brain areas related to the control of the emotional responses, such as the DRN, the nucleus accumbens and the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, whereas an over-expression was observed in the CA3 area of the ventral hippocampus. These results reveal that the lack of CB1 receptor induces a facilitation of the activity of serotonergic neurons in the DRN by altering different components of the 5-HT feedback as well as an increase in 5-HT extracellular levels in the prefrontal cortex in mice.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.06025.x
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/35215
DOI10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.06025.x
ISSN0022-3042
E-ISSN1471-4159
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos

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