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A case report of the effects of Regenerative Practices on soil properties in an almond orchard

Other TitlesRegenerative Agriculture. Understanding the opportunities and challenges.
AuthorsSantín Montanyá, Inés; Aguado, Pedro Luis; Curt, M. D.; Ribes, Marta CSIC ORCID; Delgado Arroyo, Maria del Mar; Del Monte, Juan Pablo; Gómez, Miguel Angel
Issue Date25-Apr-2023
PublisherAssociation of Applied Biologists
AbstractThe concept of adapting agro-economic practices in order to improve production and environmental conditions transforms our agroecosystems. In recent years, there has been an increased interest in regenerative practices for this purpose. Therefore we carried out a study, as part of Farm4climate project (PRIMA proposal supported by EU H2020), funded by Commonland Foundation together with the AlVelAl initiative. The aim of the AlVelAl initiative is to promote regenerative techniques in local farming communities in Andalusia where they are based. To achieve this, ALVelAl association gives technical support to farmers, working on the restoration of farmlands using regenerative techniques, organising training workshops that guarantee an open exchange of knowledge between farmers, technicians, and companies. They also support research initiatives for co-design regenerative practices. In collaboration with AlVelAl, we explores the suitability of regenerative techniques in semiarid agro ecological systems. We carried out a monitoring project in one almond orchard in Illana (Guadalajara), in central Spain, and coordinated the implementation of regenerative techniques co-designed by researchers and the land managers. The aim of the regenerative techniques employed in this project improve the soil fertility and water content. We implemented six techniques: 1) minimum tillage, standard practice for the area (MT); 2) minimum tillage with organic amendments (MT&OA); 3) minimum tillage with a legume crop as green manure (MT&GM-Leg); 4) minimum tillage with mixed wheat and legume crops as green manure (MT&GM-Mix); 5) minimum tillage with Brachypodium as green manure (MT&GM-Bra) and 6) minimum tillage with wheat as green manure (MT&GM-Whe). The total area of the trial is 5.400 m2. During the campaign, weed control nets (nets provided by DNT Non Waven Fabrics) will be used in the selected treatments areas of the orchard. We aim to study the impacts of regenerative practices by comparing physical (bulk density) and chemical (pH, EC and SOC) properties of soil quality. The campaign started in 2022-23, and we have collected Time 0 soil samples at 0-5cm & 5-15 cm from each treatment area.
Appears in Collections:(INIA) Comunicaciones congresos

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