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Control of serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus by the lateral hypothalamus

AuthorsCelada, Pau ; Casanovas, Josep M.; Páez, Ximena; Artigas, Francesc
Dorsal raphe nucleus
GABA receptor
Lateral hypothalamus
Single unit recording
Issue Date5-Apr-2002
CitationBrain Research 932 (1-2) : 79-90 (2002)
AbstractAnatomical evidence indicates the presence of projections from the lateral hypothalamus to serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) neurons of the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR). Using dual probe microdialysis and extracellular recordings in the DR, we show that the application of GABAergic agents in the lateral hypothalamus modulates the activity of 5-HT neurons in the DR. GABA and bicuculline or baclofen, applied in the lateral hypothalamus significantly reduced and increased, respectively, the 5-HT output in the DR. Likewise, the intrahypothalamic application of GABA and bicuculline reduced (14/20 neurons) and increased (8/12 neurons), respectively, the firing rate of 5-HT neurons in the DR. A smaller percentage of neurons, however, were excited by GABA (3/20) and inhibited by bicuculline (1/12). Application of tetrodotoxin in the lateral hypothalamus suppressed the local 5-HT output and reduced that in the DR. The 5-HT output in the DR increased transiently soon after darkness. The hypothalamic application of GABA attenuated and that of bicuculline potentiated this spontaneous change with an efficacy similar to that seen in light conditions. These results indicate that the lateral hypothalamus is involved in the control of 5-HT activity in the DR, possibly through excitatory (major) and inhibitory (minor) inputs.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-8993(02)02284-9
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