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dc.contributor.authorVedel, Giovannies_ES
dc.contributor.authorTriadó-Margarit, Xavieres_ES
dc.contributor.authorLinares, Olmoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMoreno-Rojas, José Manueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorPeña, Eva de laes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Bocanegra, Ignacioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorJiménez-Martín, Déboraes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCarranza, Juanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCasamayor, Emilio O.es_ES
dc.date.accessioned2023-12-13T08:24:24Z-
dc.date.available2023-12-13T08:24:24Z-
dc.date.issued2023-
dc.identifier.citationMicrobiological Research 274: 127444 (2023)es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0944-5013-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/340535-
dc.description.abstractWe surveyed wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations using 16S rRNA gene analysis of the gut microbiota in fresh faeces taken from 88 animals hunted in 16 hunting estates. The wild boar is a very convenient model system to explore how environmental factors including game management, food availability, disease prevalence, and behaviour may affect different biological components of wild individuals with potential implications in management and conservation. We tested the hypotheses that diet (according to stable carbon isotopes analyses), gender (i.e., animal behaviour studying males and females), and both health (analyses of serum samples to detect exposure to several diseases) and form statutes (i.e., thoracic circumference in adults) are reflected in changes in the intestinal microbiota. We focused on a gut functional biomarker index combining Oscillospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae vs. Enterobacteriaceae. We found that gender and the estate (population) were explanatory variables (c.a. 28% of the variance), albeit a high degree of overlapping among individuals was observed. The individuals with higher abundance of Enterobacteriaceae showed a gut microbiota with low diversity, mostly in males. Significant statistical differences for thoracic circumference were not found between males and females. Interestingly, the thoracic circumference was significantly and inversely related to the relative abundance of Enterobacteriaceae in males. Overall, we found that diet, gender, and form status were major factors that could be related to the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota. A high variability was observed in the biomarker index for populations with natural diet (rich in C3 plants). Although, we noticed a marginally significant negative trend between the index (higher abundance of Enterobacteriaceae) and the continuous feeding of C4 plants (i.e., supplementary maize) in the diet of males. This result suggests that continuous artificial feeding in hunting estates could be one of the factors negatively influencing the gut microbiota and the form status of wild boars that deserves further investigations.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipXTM and EOC were supported by grant INTERACTOMA RTI2018-101205-B-I00 from the Spanish Agency of Research (AEI-MICINN) and European funding (ERDF).es_ES
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherElsevieres_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/RTI2018-101205-B-I00/ES/APROXIMACION ECOLOGICA Y METAGENOMICA A LAS INTERACCIONES BIOLOGICAS DEL MICROBIOMA AMBIENTAL/es_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.relation.isbasedonThe underlying dataset has been published as supplementary material of the article in the publisher platform at DOI 10.1016/j.micres.2023.127444es_ES
dc.rightsopenAccesses_ES
dc.subjectWildlife gut microbiomees_ES
dc.subjectEnterobacteriaceaees_ES
dc.subjectDietes_ES
dc.subjectGenderes_ES
dc.subjectManagementes_ES
dc.subjectFitnesses_ES
dc.titleExploring the potential links between gut microbiota composition and natural populations management in wild boar (Sus scrofa)es_ES
dc.typeartículoes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.micres.2023.127444-
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2023.127444es_ES
dc.rights.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/es_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderAgencia Estatal de Investigación (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commissiones_ES
dc.relation.csices_ES
oprm.item.hasRevisionno ko 0 false*
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100000780es_ES
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100011033es_ES
dc.identifier.pmid37421802-
dc.type.coarhttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_6501es_ES
item.openairetypeartículo-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextopen-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.languageiso639-1en-
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