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Presentation of Cytosolically Stable Peptides by HLA-B27 Is Not Dependent on the Canonic Interactions of N-Terminal Basic Residues in the A Pocket

AutorGómez-Molina, Patricia ; Mavian, Carla; Galocha, Begoña; García-Medel, Noel; López de Castro, José A.
Palabras claveHLA-B27
Canonic Interactions
Fecha de publicación1-ene-2009
EditorAmerican Association of Immunologists
CitaciónThe Journal of Immunology,182, 446 -455 (2009)
ResumenHLA-B27 binds peptides with R at position 2. Additionally, a substantial fraction of the HLA-B27-bound peptide repertoire has basic residues at position 1. It is unclear whether this is determined by structural complementarity with the A pocket of the peptide-binding site, by the increased availability of peptides with dibasic N-terminal sequences resulting from their cytosolic stability, or both. To distinguish between these possibilities two B*2705 mutants were generated in which one or two A pocket surface residues stabilizing the peptidic R1 side chain were changed: E163T and E163T-W167S. Both mutants bound a large fraction of the constitutive peptide repertoire of B*2705. Moreover, 90 B*2705 ligands of known sequence were examined for their endogenous presentation by the mutants. The E163T mutation alone had a limited effect on binding of peptides with R1 or K1 and on the relative frequencies of N-terminal residues. However, it decreased the overall stability of the molecule. The E163T-W167S mutant also bound many of the B*2705 ligands with N-terminal basic residues, but its preference for G1 was significantly decreased. The results indicate that the capacity of HLA-B27 to bind peptides with N-terminal basic residues is largely independent of the canonic interactions that stabilize at least the R1 side chain. Thus, the prevalence of HLA-B27 ligands with dibasic N-terminal sequences may be significantly influenced by the increased availability of these peptides resulting from their cytosolic stability. This confers to HLA-B27 a unique capacity to present Ags generated in low amounts, but resistant to intracellular degradation.
Versión del editorhttp://www.jimmunol.org/content/182/1/446.long
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