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Title

Occurrence and ecological risk assessment of organic UV filters in coastal waters of the Iberian Peninsula

AuthorsMozas-Blanco, Sandra; Rodríguez-Gil, José Luis; Kalman, Judit CSIC ORCID ; Quintana, Gerard CSIC ORCID; Diaz-Cruz, Silvia CSIC ORCID ; Rico, Andreu; López-Heras, Isabel; Martínez-Morcillo, Salomé; Motas, Miguel; Lertxundi, Unax; Orive, Gorka; Santos, Osvaldo; Valcárcel, Yolanda
KeywordsSunscreens
Anthropogenic pollution
Ecological risk assessment
Marine environment
Issue Date1-Nov-2023
PublisherElsevier
CitationMarine Pollution Bulletin 196: 115644 (2023)
AbstractThis study aimed to assess the presence of 21 UVFs and metabolites in coastal regions of the Iberian Peninsula, to evaluate their environmental risk, and identify possible influential factors affecting their measured concentrations. Sampling was carried out in spring and summer to assess possible seasonal variations. UVFs were detected in 43 of the 46 sampling sites. Only 5 were found above LOD: BP4, OC, BP3 and metabolites BP1 and BP8. Samples collected in Mar Menor had the greatest variety of compounds per sample and the highest cumulative concentrations. The risk was characterized using Risk Quotients (RQ). BP1 showed a Low environmental Risk in 2 sites while for OC the RQ indicated a Moderate Risk in 22 points. The variables that contribute most to the variation are population density, sampling season, whether it was an open bay or not, and level of urbanization. The presence of WWTPs had a lower influence.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.115644
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/338582
DOI10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.115644
ISSN0025326X
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos

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