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Title

Glutamate-based antidepressants: 20 years on

AuthorsSkolnick, Phil; Popik, Piotr; Trullas, Ramón CSIC ORCID
Issue DateNov-2009
PublisherElsevier
CitationTrends in Pharmacological Sciences 30(11): 563-569 (2009)
AbstractDepression is a chronic recurring illness that affects more than 120 million people worldwide. Drugs increasing the synaptic availability of serotonin and norepinephrine (biogenic amine-based agents) have been used to treat depression for more than 50 years. However, significant symptom improvement requires ≥2–4 weeks of treatment and a first course of therapy provides symptom relief to only 60–65% of patients. Roche and Evotec recently announced plans to develop N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists targeting the NR2B subtype for treatment-resistant depression. This announcement closely follows a report that another NR2B antagonist, traxoprodil (CP 101 606), has antidepressant effects in patients unresponsive to a serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor, as well as reports of rapid and sustained antidepressant effects following a single injection of the NMDA antagonist ketamine. Here we describe evidence that glutamate-based therapies might represent an effective alternative to biogenic-amine-based agents for depression and provide perspectives on the development of these agents.
DescriptionEl pdf del artículo es el manuscrito de autor.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tips.2009.09.002
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/33376
DOI10.1016/j.tips.2009.09.002
ISSN0165-6147
E-ISSN1873-3735
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos




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