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Differential regulation of somatodendritic serotonin 5-HT1A receptors by 2-week treatments with the selective agonists alnespirone (S-20499) and 8-hydroxy-2-(Di-n-propylamino)tetralin: microdialysis and autoradiographic studies in rat brain

AuthorsCasanovas, Josep M.; Vilaró, Maria Teresa ; Mengod Los Arcos, Guadalupe ; Artigas, Francesc
KeywordsSerotonin 5-HT1A receptors
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) release
Dorsal raphe nucleus
Frontal cortex
Issue DateJan-1999
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationJournal of Neurochemistry 72(1): 262–272 (1999)
AbstractSingle treatment with the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) 5-HT1A receptor agonists 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) and alnespirone (S-20499) reduces the extracellular 5-HT concentration (5-HText) in the rat midbrain and forebrain. Given the therapeutic potential of selective 5-HT1A agonists in the treatment of affective disorders, we have examined the changes in 5-HT1A receptors induced by 2-week minipump administration of alnespirone (0.3 and 3 mg/kg/day) and 8-OH-DPAT (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg/day). The treatment with alnespirone did not modify baseline 5-HText but significantly attenuated the ability of 0.3 mg/kg s.c. alnespirone to reduce 5-HText in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) and frontal cortex. In contrast, the ability of 8-OH-DPAT (0.025 and 0.1 mg/kg s.c.) to reduce 5-HText in both areas was unchanged by 8-OH-DPAT pretreatment. Autoradiographic analysis revealed a significant reduction of [3H]8-OH-DPAT and [3H]WAY-100635 {3H-labeled N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-(2-pyridyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide · 3HCl} binding to somatodendritic 5-HT1A receptors (but not to postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors) of rats pretreated with alnespirone but not with 8-OH-DPAT. In situ hybridization analysis revealed no change of the density of the mRNA encoding the 5-HT1A receptors in the DRN after either treatment. These data indicate that continuous treatment for 2 weeks with alnespirone, but not with 8-OH-DPAT, causes a functional desensitization of somatodendritic 5-HT1A receptors controlling 5-HT release in the DRN and frontal cortex.
Publisher version (URL)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1471-4159.1999.0720262.x/pdf
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