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Effect of Synthesis pH on the Preparation and Properties of K-Al-Bearing Silicate Gels from Solution

AuthorsFernández-Jiménez, Ana ; Palomo, Ángel; Vallepu, Ramesh; Terai, Tohru; Mikuni, A.; Kennet, J. D.; Ikeda, Ko
Ash/lime system
Issue Date2006
PublisherCeramic Society of Japan
CitationJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan 114 (7): 624-629(2006)
AbstractSilicate gels were prepared by mixing K2O 3.9SiO2 (0.3 mol/L) and Al(NO3)3 9H2O (1 mol/L) solutions in various ratios, using potassium hydroxide solution (1 mol/L) to regulate the pH. Nine gel samples were thus prepared at a range of pH conditions, filtered, washed and air-dried. About 1 mol% of potassium was incorporated into the gels at low pH, but up to 20 mol% was incorporated under high pH conditions. On heating, characteristic DTA exotherms were observed at higher temperatures, possibly providing an indication of the degree of polymerization of the gels. The low-potassium gels exhibited a sharp exothermic peak at about 1000.DEG.C corresponding to mullite formation, whereas the high-potassium gels exhibited a small, gentle exotherm at about 1000-1100.DEG.C corresponding to the formation of KAlSiO4 (PAS, considered to be one of the modifications of kalsilite) and/or KAlSi2O6 (leucite), depending on the gel composition. The '29'Si and '27'Al MAS-NMR spectra showed that the potassium-poor gels contain predominantly tetrahedral Si(1-2Al) and Q1 silicate units, and both tetrahedral and octahedral Al'3+', whereas the potassium-rich gels contain predominantly Si(4Al) units and solely tetrahedral Al'3+'. The implications of these results for the formation of potassium geopolymers are discussed.
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