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Assessment of genetic diversity and relatedness among Tunisian almond germplasm using SSR markers

AuthorsGouta, Hassouna; Ksia, Elhem; Buhner-Zaharieva, Tatiana; Moreno Sánchez, María Ángeles CSIC ORCID ; Zarrouk, Mokhtar; Mliki, Ahmed; Gogorcena Aoiz, Yolanda CSIC ORCID
Issue DateDec-2010
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationGouta H, Ksia E, Buhner T, Moreno MA. Assessment of genetic diversity and relatedness among Tunisian almond germplasm using SSR markers. Hereditas 147 (6): 283-292 (2010)
AbstractGenetic diversity of 50 Tunisian almond (Prunus dulcis Mill.) genotypes and their relationships to European and American cultivars were studied. In total 82 genotypes were analyzed using ten genomic SSRs. A total of 159 alleles were scored and their sizes ranged from 116 to 227 bp. The number of alleles per locus varied from 12 to 23 with an average of 15.9 alleles per locus. Mean expected and observed heterozygosities were 0.86 and 0.68, respectively. The total value for the probability of identity was 4 × 10−13. All SSRs were polymorphic and they were able all together to distinguish unambiguously the 82 genotypes. The Dice similarity coefficient was calculated for all pair wise and was used to construct an UPGMA dendrogram. The results demonstrated that the genetic diversity within local almond cultivars was important, with clear geographic divergence between the northern and the southern Tunisian cultivars. The usefulness of SSR markers for almond fingerprinting, detection of synonyms and homonyms and evaluation of the genetic diversity in the Tunisian almond germplasm was also discussed. The results confirm the potential value of genetic diversity preservation for future breeding programs.
Description10 Pag., 3 Tabl., 2 Fig.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.2009.02147.x
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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