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A new role for E12/E47 in the repression ofE-cadherin expression and epithelial-mesenchymal transitions

AuthorsPérez-Moreno, Mirna A.; Locascio, Annamaria; Rodrigo Castro, M. Isabel; Portillo, Francisco ; Nieto, M. Ángela ; Cano, Amparo
Issue DateJul-2001
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitationJournal of Biological Chemistry 276(29): 27424-27431 (2001)
AbstractDown-regulation ofE-cadherin expression is a determinant of tumor cell invasiveness, an event frequently associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transitions. Here we show that the mouse E12/E47 basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor (the E2A gene product) acts as a repressor of E-cadherin expression and triggers epithelial-mesenchymal transitions. The mouse E47 factor was isolated in a one-hybrid system designed to isolate repressors of the mouse E-cadherin promoter. Epithelial cells ectopically expressing E47 adopt a fibroblastic phenotype and acquire tumorigenic and migratory/invasive properties, concomitant with the suppression of E-cadherin expression. Suppression ofE-cadherin expression under stable or inducible expression of E47 in epithelial cells occurs at the transcriptional level and is dependent on the E-boxes of the E-cadherinpromoter. Interestingly, analysis of endogenous E2Aexpression in murine and human cell lines illustrated its presence in E-cadherin-deficient, invasive carcinoma cells but its absence from epithelial cell lines. This expression pattern is consistent with that observed in early mouse embryos, where E2A mRNA is absent from epithelia but strongly expressed in the mesoderm. These results implicate E12/E47 as a repressor of E-cadherinexpression during both development and tumor progression and indicate its involvement in the acquisition and/or maintenance of the mesenchymal phenotype.
Description8 páginas, 7 figuras, 1 tabla.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M100827200
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