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The Holocene volcanic history of Gran Canaria island: implications for volcanic hazards

AuthorsRodríguez González, A.; Fernandez-Turiel, J. L. ; Pérez Torrado, Francisco José; Hansen, Alex; Aulinas, M.; Carracedo, Juan Carlos ; Gimeno, D.; Guillou, Hervé; Paris, Raphael; Paterne, Martine
KeywordsRadiocarbon age
Gran Canaria
Canary Islands
Issue DateOct-2009
CitationJournal of Quaternary Science 24(7): 697-709 (2009)
AbstractPrevious published data, combined with our results of 13 new radiocarbon ages and extensive geological fieldwork, indicate that during the past 11 ka 24 monogenetic basaltic eruptions occurred in the north sector of Gran Canaria. These eruptions can be grouped into three periods of eruptive activity: 1900–3200 14C a BP; 5700–6000 14C a BP; and an older period represented by only one eruption, El Draguillo, dated at 10 610 ± 190 14C a BP. Archaeological studies have shown that the more recent eruptions affected prehistoric human settlements on the island. Field studies demonstrate that the eruptions typically built strombolian cones (30–250 m in height) and associated relatively long lava flows (100–10 350 m in length); a few eruptions also produced tephra fall deposits. The total erupted volume of these eruptions is about 0.388 km3 (46.1% as tephra fall, 41.8% as cinder cone deposits and 12.1% as lava flows). The relatively low eruption rate (∼0.04 km3 ka−1) during the past 11 ka is consistent with Gran Canaria's stage of evolution in the regional volcano-tectonic setting of the Canary Archipelago. The results of our study were used to construct a volcanic hazards map that clearly delimits two sectors in the NE sector of Gran Canaria, where potential future eruptions would pose a substantial risk for densely populated areas.
Description13 páginas, 8 figuras, 4 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.1294
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Artículos
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