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A large chimeric deletion associates with impairement of cuticle development in a dark berry somatic variant of Tempranillo Tinto

AuthorsCarbonell-Bejerano, Pablo CSIC ORCID; Ferradas, Yolanda CSIC ORCID; Royo, Carolina CSIC ORCID; Bezrukov, Ilja; Lanz, Christa; Mauri, Nuria CSIC ORCID; Alba-Elías, Fernando; Motilva, María-José CSIC ORCID ; Weigel, Detlef; Martínez-Zapater, José M. CSIC ORCID
Issue Date10-Jul-2022
CitationXIII International Symposium on Grapevine Breeding and Genetics (2022)
AbstractColor intensity is a relevant feature for red wine quality, which depends on the accumulation of athocyanins during berry ripening and their interaction with other compunds present in the wine. While grape color is a varietal feature, emerging spontaneous somatic variation for this trait can be selected for cultivar improvement. Here we studied the genomic origin of a darker berry clone (VN21) selected in `Tempranillo Tinto¿ (TT) cultivar, which enables the production of wines with higher color intensity. Using a diploid genome assembly of TT produced following a trio binning approach from PacBio and Nanopore sequencing, and genome re-sequencing data of VN21 compared to other TT clones, we identified a 10 Mb deletion in chromosome 11 that likely affected only the L1 meristem cell layer of VN21. An RNA-seq analysis identified a general down-regulation of genes within the chimeric hemizygous segment in the berry skin of VN21. Down-regulated genes where also enriched in wax biosynthesis functional category genes, including one CER1 and one ABCG32 homologs located in the hemizygous segment. SEM images showed that wax accumulation is impaired in the berry cuticle of VN21, which likely leads to the shiny color of VN21 berries. Candidate loss of function polymorphisms remaing hemizygous in VN21 after the chimeric deletion were also detected from TT haplotype comparison. Our findings show that very large hemizygous deletions can stabilize as periclinal chimeras in grapevine clones, giving rise to pleiotropic mutant phenotypes that can be exploited for cultivar innovation.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado en el XIII International Symposium on Grapevine Breeding and Genetics, celebrado en Landau in der Pfalz (Alemania), del 10 al 17 de julio de 2022
Appears in Collections:(ICVV) Comunicaciones congresos

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