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Lifestyle Evolution And Peroxidase Diversity In Agaricales As Revealed By Comparative Genomics

AuthorsRuiz-Dueñas, F. J. CSIC ORCID ; Barrasa González, José María; Sánchez-Ruiz, María I. CSIC ORCID; Ayuso-Fernández, Iván CSIC ORCID; Sánchez García, Marisol; Camarero, Susana CSIC ORCID ; Miyauchi, S; Serrano-Lotina, Ana M.; Linde, Dolores CSIC ORCID; Babiker, Rashid; Rencoret, Jorge CSIC ORCID; Davó-Siguero, Irene; Drula, Elodie; Pacheco, Remedios CSIC; Padilla, Guillermo CSIC ; Ferreira, Patricia CSIC ORCID; Barriuso, Jorge CSIC ORCID ; Kellner, H.; Castanera, Raúl CSIC ORCID; Alfaro, Manuel; Ramírez, Lucía; Pisabarro, Antonio G.; Riley, Robert; Kuo, Alan; Andreopoulos, William; LaButti, Kurt M.; Pangilinan, Jasmyn; Tritt, Andrew; Lipzen, Anna; He, Guifen; Yan, Mi; Gutiérrez Suárez, Ana CSIC ORCID ; Romero, Antonio CSIC ORCID; Ng, Vivian; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Cullen, Daniel; Martin, Francis; Rosso, Marie-Noëlle; Henrissat, Bernard; Hibbett, David S.; Martínez, Ángel T. CSIC ORCID
Issue DateJul-2022
PublisherUniversità di Siena
CitationOxzymes2022 10th edition of the international “Oxizymes” meeting, pág. 44 (2022)
AbstractBasidiomycetes of the class Agaricomycetes have developed complex enzymatic machineries that allow them to decompose plant polymers, including lignin. Within this group, saprotrophic Agaricales are characterized by an unparalleled diversity of habitats and lifestyles in comparison with fungi from other orders. With the aim of shedding light on the evolution of lignocellulose-decaying lifestyles in Agaricales we conducted a comparative analysis of 52 Agaricomycetes genomes [1]. This study revealed that Agaricales possess a large diversity of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes. Surprisingly, computer-assisted gene-family evolution analysis of these enzymes revealed that a few oxidoreductase families showed significantly higher evolutionary rates. Based on these gene families we reconstructed the lifestyles of the ancestors that led to the extant lignocellulose-decomposing Agaricomycetes. According to this, we determined that changes in the oxidative enzymatic toolkit of ancestral Agaricales correlate with the evolution of their ability to grow not only on wood, but also on leaf and grass litter and decayed wood. In this context, the aboye families were analyzed and special attention was paid to peroxidases as a central component of the enzymatic toolkit of saprotrophic Agaricomycetes responsible for lignin degradation. We identified a widespread presence of new ligninolytic peroxidase types in Agaricales, some of them not previously identified in this order, and others also not found in woodrottingPolyporales and other orders of Agaricomycetes. Peroxidase evolution was analyzed in Agaricomycetes by ancestral sequence reconstruction and several major evolutionary pathways were unveiled. The study of the newly identified peroxidases will provide insight into their role in the lignin degradation process. In fact, these studies have already been initiated with the expression and characterization of the first lignin peroxidase identified in Agaricales. [1] Ruiz-Dueñas FJ, Barrasa JM, Sánchez-García M, Camarero S, Miyauchi S, Serrano A, et al., 2021, Mol Biol Evol, 38, 1428-1446.
DescriptionDescripción de 1 páginas de la comunicación oral presentada en Oxizymes2022 10th edition of the international “Oxizymes” meeting. Siena, Italy, July 5-8, 2022
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Comunicaciones congresos

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