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Discussing the concepts of industrial district and cluster

AuthorsOrtega Colomer, Francisco Javier ; Molina Morales, Francesc Xavier
KeywordsIndustrial districts
Issue DateSep-2010
PublisherEuropean Association for the Study of Science and Technology
CitationEASST 2010
AbstractVarious neologisms have been invented by regional scientists (mainly economists and geographers) in order to explain the set of actors that interact in a specific location and the dynamics that enhance regional innovative performance. The primary aim of this paper is to discuss the different origins and subsequent evolution of two of these terms: industrial district and cluster. The industrial district concept has not been widely recognized as an operational concept and has been applied in only a few countries such as Italy and Spain. Since the 1990s, it has been progressively substituted by the apparently fresher and clearer idea of cluster. We know that competition in the concepts market is based on diverse and sometimes unfair and confusing rules. Some authors characterize cluster as ambiguous and vague, while others see this nebulous quality as adding value, fostering theoretical debate across different disciplines. Since the logic of both concepts is far from clear, an analysis of the underlying rhetoric is helpful. We analyse one of the European Commission’s (EC) policy documents, in which there are inconsistencies that do not impede the formulation of normative statements.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado a la EASST Conference 2010: "Practicing Science and Technology, Performing the Social" celebrada en Trento (Italia) del 2 al 4 de Septiembre de 2010.
Publisher version (URL)http://easst.net/conferences/
Appears in Collections:(INGENIO) Comunicaciones congresos
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