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Título

Microbial activities in estuarine sediments (Ebro Delta, Spain) influenced by organic matter influx

Otros títulosActividad microbiana en sedimentos estuáricos (Delta del Ebro, España) influenciada por aportes de materia organica
AutorMallo, S. ; Vallespinós, Ferrán ; Ferrer, S. ; Vaqué, Dolors
Palabras claveMicrobial activities
Allochthonous inputs
Seasonal variations
Estuarine sediments
Ebro Delta
Actividades microbianas
Aportes alóctonos
Variaciones estacionales
Sedimentos estuáricos
Delta del Ebro
Fecha de publicación1993
EditorConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
CitaciónScientia Marina 57(1): 31-40 (1993)
Resumen[EN] Bacterial activities and biomass in sediments at two stations (Sta. 2 and Sta. 3) in Alfacs Bay, Ebro Delta. Spain were determined on a monthly basis, from April 1986 to March 1987. Maximal respiratory activity (aerobic and anaerobic) was highest in summer, which implied active transformation of accumulated organic matter in the sediment. This accumulation of organic material was always higher at Sta. 2 (average: 77 mg g-1).than at Sta. 3 (average: 16 mg g-1) due to the proximity of freshwater allochthonous inputs. In Sta. 2 we observed temporal changes in the activities of bacterial functional groups implying a succession in time of different electron acceptors. e.g., from the use of molecular O2 to NO3 and, eventually, to SO4, as the redox potential decreased. Maximum rates of oxygen consumption, heterotrophic activity, denitrification and the presence of anoxic sediments occurred at the end of summer. These sediment conditions should favour the development of sulphate reducing bacteria and their participation in the global flow of electrons. Sta. 3 always showed lower values of bacterial activities and biomass than Sta. 2, as well as positive redox potential. Averages of oxygen consumed along the year were 1.12 mmol O2 g-1 d-1 at Sta. 2 and 0.37 mmol O2 g-1 d-1 at Sta. 3. Denitrification rates averaged 147.87 nmol N2 g-1 d-1 at Sta. 2 and 50.73 nmol N2 g-1 d-1 at Sta. 3, and heterotrophic activity averages were: 0.037 nmol 3H thymidine g-1 h-1 at Sta. 2, and 0.012 nmol g-1 h-1 at Sta. 3. Bacterial biomass (heterotrophs, denitrifiers, and sulphate reducing bacteria) presented values one or two orders of magnitude higher at Sta. 2 than at Sta. 3. Our results showed that the development of bacterial communities changed with time at these two stations, depending on the proximity of external inputs of organic material.
[ES] Desde abril de 1986 a marzo de 1987, en la Bahía de "Els Alfaes" (Delta del Ebro, España), se determino, mensualmente, la actividad y biomasa bacteriana del sedimento, concretamente en dos estaciones (Sta. 2 y Sta. ·). La actividad respiratoria era máxima en verano, lo cual implica una transformación activa de la materia orgánica acumulada en el sedimento. Esta acumulación de materia orgánica era siempre mayor en la Sta. 2 (media anual: 77mg g1), que en la Sta. 2 (media anual: 16mg g1) debido a la proximidad de aportes alóctonos de las aguas continentales.
Descripción10 páginas, 4 figuras, 2 tablas.
Versión del editorhttp://www.icm.csic.es/scimar/index.php/secId/6/IdArt/2627/
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/28451
ISSN0214-8358 (Print)
1886-8134 (Online)
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