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Hypochlorous Acid Chemistry in Mammalian Cells—Influence on Infection and Role in Various Pathologies

AuthorsCurieses Andrés, Celia María; Pérez de Lastra, José Manuel CSIC ORCID ; Andrés Juan, Celia; Plou Gasca, Francisco José CSIC ORCID ; Pérez-Lebeña, Eduardo
KeywordsHypochlorous acid HOCl
halogenative stress
myeloperoxidase MPO
Issue Date14-Sep-2022
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences, 23 (18) : 1-46 (2022)
AbstractThis review discusses the formation of hypochlorous acid HOCl and the role of reactive chlorinated species (RCS), which are catalysed by the enzyme myeloperoxidase MPO, mainly located in leukocytes and which in turn contribute to cellular oxidative stress. The reactions of RCS with various organic molecules such as amines, amino acids, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and DNA are described, and an attempt is made to explain the chemical mechanisms of the formation of the various chlorinated derivatives and the data available so far on the effects of MPO, RCS and halogenative stress. Their presence in numerous pathologies such as atherosclerosis, arthritis, neurological and renal diseases, diabetes, and obesity is reviewed and were found to be a feature of debilitating diseases.
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