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Modulation of DNA-protein interactions in the P1 and P2 c-myc promoters by two intercalating drugs

AuthorsVaquero, Alejandro; Portugal, José
Actinomycin D
Elsamicin A
Issue Date1-Jan-1998
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationEuropean Journal of Biochemistry 251(1-2): 435–442 (1998)
AbstractRegulation of transcription from the oncogene c-myc has an important role in the genesis of various tumors. Therefore, c-myc is a potential target for chemotherapy by drugs which are able to modify its activity directly. In this article, we identify the binding sites in the P1 and P2 promoter regions of c-myc for the intercalating antibiotics actinomycin D and elsamicin A. Gel retardation experiments indicate that actinomycin D or elsamicin A binding can inhibit the formation of several DNA-protein complexes. However, relatively low concentrations of elsamicin A, but not actinomycin D, appear to increase the level of binding to the P1 promoter of a protein factor. Using pure Sp1 transcription factor and an oligonucleotide containing the Sp1 putative binding site, we determined that the binding enhancement induced by small amounts of elsamicin was on the Sp1-DNA complex. Run-off transcription experiments in vitro showed that the effect of elsamicin A on Sp1 binding is followed by the maintenance or a relative rise in transcription levels from the P1 promoter of c-myc, while actinomycin D always inhibited the transcription from the P1 c-myc promoter in a concentration-dependent manner. Higher concentrations of elsamicin acted as an inhibitor of the transcription from the P1 start site but not from the P2.
Description8 pages, 9 figures.-- PMID: 9492315 [PubMed].-- Available online Dec 25, 2001.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1432-1327.1998.2510435.x
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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