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Title

Combined effect of technical, meteorological and agronomical factors on solid-set sprinkler irrigation: II. Modifications of the wind velocity and of the water interception plane by the crop canopy

AuthorsSánchez Marcos, Ignacio; Zapata Ruiz, Nery ; Faci González, José María
KeywordsMaize
Alfalfa
Uniformity
Water loss
Wind velocity profile
Canopy architecture
Pluviometer
Anemometer
Issue DateOct-2010
PublisherElsevier
CitationSánchez I, Zapata N, Faci JM. Combined effect of technical, meteorological and agronomical factors on solid-set sprinkler irrigation: II. Modifications of the wind velocity and of the water interception plane by the crop canopy. Agricultural Water Management 97 (10): 1591-1601 (2010)
AbstractMaize (Zea mays L.) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) were simultaneously irrigated in two adjoining plots with the same sprinkler solid-set system under the same operational and technical conditions. The Christiansen's uniformity coefficient (CUC) and the wind drift and evaporation losses (WDEL) were assessed from the irrigation depth (IDC) collected into pluviometers above each crop. A network of pluviometers was located above the maize canopy. Two networks of pluviometers were located above the alfalfa, one above the canopy and the other at the same level as that above the maize. The latter was used to analyze the effects of the water collecting plane. The wind velocity (WV) profile was measured above each crop using anemometers located at three levels. Both the CUC and the WDEL differed between maize and alfalfa. The crops modified both the wind velocity above the canopy and the water interception plane. Both effects were related to the height of the crops (h). When h increased, the water interception plane increased, and the overlap of the sprinklers decreased. The CUC of the IDC increased with the overlap. Because h was greater for maize than for alfalfa, the CUC was noticeably smaller for maize. The WV greatly decreased in proximity to the canopy. The WV at the level of the nozzles was smaller above the maize because the top of the canopy was closer to the nozzles than it was for alfalfa. However, the CUC of the IDC mainly depended on the WV at higher levels, where the WV was similar above both maize and alfalfa. The logarithmic wind profile overestimated the vertical variation of the WV in the space where the sprinklers distributed the water. The WDEL was greater above the maize than above the alfalfa. This finding was related to the underestimation of the IDC above maize, especially under windy conditions, because the pluviometers were located very close to the nozzles.
Description43 Pag., 8 Fig., 2 Tabl. The definitive version is available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03783774
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.05.013
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/27395
DOI10.1016/j.agwat.2010.05.013
ISSN0378-3774
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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