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Organochlorine pollutants in remote mountain lake waters

AuthorsVilanova, Rosa M.; Fernández Ramón, M. Pilar ; Martínez, Carolina; Grimalt, Joan O.
Issue DateAug-2001
PublisherAmerican Society of Agronomy
CitationJournal of Environmental Quality 30(4): 1286-1295 (2001)
AbstractHexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs; alpha- and gamma-isomers), endosulfans (alpha- and beta-isomers and the sulfate residue), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDTs), and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) were measured in waters from three European remote mountain lakes situated in the Alps, Pyrenees, and Caledonian mountains. Sampling encompassed both ice-free and ice-covered periods at different water column depths. High HCH concentrations were found in all lakes, those in the Alps and Pyrenees (990-2,900 pg/L) being among the highest recorded in continental waters. Endosulfans and endosulfan sulfate (120-1,150 pg/L) were the second major group of organochlorine contaminants, showing a remarkable stability upon atmospheric long-range transport. The concentrations of HCB, DDTs, and PCB (4-8, 0.6-16, and 26-110 pg/L, respectively) were low in comparison with other continental waters. Hexachlorocyclohexanes, endosulfans, and HCB were essentially found in the dissolved phase. Phase partitioning of the more hydrophobic compounds exhibited a dependence on temperature and water-suspended particles. Comparison between different sampling seasons and water depths indicated a remarkable concentration uniformity within lake, but major interlake differences. Normalization to turnover rates showed higher interlake similarity. Preferential accumulation of the less volatile compounds in the Alp lake and significant increase of baseline contributions of organochlorine compounds and residues in the Caledonian lake are also evidenced from these turnover rates.
Description10 pages, 5 figures, 3 tables.-- PMID: 11476507 [PubMed].
Publisher version (URL)https://www.soils.org/publications/jeq/articles/30/4/1286
ISSN0047-2425 (Print)
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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