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Title

Breakfast dietary pattern is inversely associated with overweight/obesity in european adolescents: The HELENA Study

AuthorsTeixeira Cacau, Leandro; Miguel-Etayo, Pilar de; Santaliestra-Pasías, A. M.; Giménez-Legarre, Natalia; Marchioni, Dirce Maria; Molina-Hidalgo, Cristina; Censi, Laura; González-Gross, Marcela CSIC ORCID; Grammatikaki, Evangelia; Breidenassel, Christina; De Ruyter, Thaïs; Kersting, Mathilde; Gottrand, Frederic; Androutsos, Odysseas; Gómez-Martínez, Sonia CSIC ORCID; Kafatos, Anthony; Widhalm, Kurt; Stehle, Peter; Molnár, Dénes; Manios, Yannis; Moreno, Luis A.
KeywordsDietary patterns
Breakfast
Obesity
Adolescents
Issue Date2021
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationChildren 8(11): 1044 (2021)
AbstractObesity in children and adolescents is a public health problem and diet can play a major role in this condition. We aimed to identify sex-specific dietary patterns (DP) and to evaluate the association with overweight/obesity in European adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis with 2327 adolescents aged between 12.5 to 17.5 years from a multicenter study across Europe. The body mass index was categorized in “normal weight” and “overweight/obesity”. Two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls were collected with a computerized self-reported software. Principal component factor analysis was used to identify DP. Mixed-effect logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between the sex-specific DP and overweight/obesity outcome. As a result, we found three DP in boys (snacking and bread, Mediterranean diet, and breakfast) and four DP in girls (convenience, plant-based and eggs, Western, and breakfast). The association between DP and overweight/obesity highlights that those adolescents with higher adherence to the breakfast DP had lower odds for overweight/obesity, even after the inclusion of covariables in the adjustments. In European adolescents, the breakfast DP positively characterized by breakfast cereals, fruit, milk, and dairy and negatively characterized by sugar-sweetened beverages in boys and negatively characterized by cereals (pasta, rice, and others) in girls, was inversely associated with overweight/obesity.
DescriptionThis article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Research on Nutrition and Childhood Obesity. On behalf of the HELENA study group.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/children8111044
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/266475
DOI10.3390/children8111044
E-ISSN2227-9067
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos




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