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Título

Molecular polymorphism distribution in phenotypically distinct populations of wine yeast strains

AutorNadal, Dolors; Colomer, Bruno; Piña, Benjamín
Fecha de publicaciónjun-1996
EditorNational Institutes of Health (U.S.). PubMed Central
CitaciónApplied and Environmental Microbiology 62(6): 1944-1950 (1996)
ResumenElectrophoretic karyotyping and mitochondrial DNA restriction analysis were used to analyze natural yeast populations from fermenting musts in El Penedès, Spain. Both analyses revealed a considerable degree of polymorphism, indicating heterogeneous natural populations. By specifically designed genetic selection protocols, strains showing potentially interesting phenotypes, such as high tolerance to ethanol and temperature or the ability to grow and to ferment in wine-water-sugar mixtures, were isolated from these natural populations. Genetic analysis showed a strong correlation between the selected phenotypes and mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms. Karyotype analysis revealed several genetically similar yeast lineages in the natural yeast microflora, which we interpret as genetically isolated subpopulations of yeast strains with distinct genetic traits, which may correspond to specific microenvironments. Thus, molecular polymorphism analysis may be useful not only to study the geographical distribution of natural yeast strains but also to identify strains with specific phenotypic properties.
Descripción7 pages, 3 figures, 3 tables.-- PMID: 8787392 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC167972.
Versión del editorhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC167972
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/26430
ISSN0099-2240 (Print)
1098-5336 (Online)
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