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The three-dimensional structure of a class-Pi glutathione S-transferase complexed with glutathione: the active-site hydration provides insights into the reaction mechanism

AuthorsPárraga, Antonio; García Sáez, Isabel; Walsh, Sinead B.; Mantle, Timothy J.; Coll, Miquel CSIC ORCID
Issue DateAug-1998
PublisherPortland Press
CitationBiochemical Journal 333(3): 811-816 (1998)
AbstractThe structure of mouse liver glutathione S-transferase P1-1 complexed with its substrate glutathione (GSH) has been determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. No conformational changes in the glutathione moiety or in the protein, other than small adjustments of some side chains, are observed when compared with glutathione adduct complexes. Our structure confirms that the role of Tyr-7 is to stabilize the thiolate by hydrogen bonding and to position it in the right orientation. A comparison of the enzyme-GSH structure reported here with previously described structures reveals rearrangements in a well-defined network of water molecules in the active site. One of these water molecules (W0), identified in the unliganded enzyme (carboxymethylated at Cys-47), is displaced by the binding of GSH, and a further water molecule (W4) is displaced following the binding of the electrophilic substrate and the formation of the glutathione conjugate. The possibility that one of these water molecules participates in the proton abstraction from the glutathione thiol is discussed.
Description6 pages, 4 figures, 1 table.-- PMID: 9677344 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC1219648.
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