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The three-dimensional structure of human procarboxypeptidase A2. Deciphering the basis of the inhibition, activation and intrinsic activity of the zymogen

AutorGarcía Sáez, Isabel; Reverter, David; Vendrell, Josep; Avilés, Francesc X.; Coll, Miquel
Palabras claveActivation
Carboxypeptidase A2
Three-dimensional structure
Fecha de publicacióndic-1997
EditorNature Publishing Group
CitaciónEMBO Journal 16(23):6906-6913 (1997)
ResumenThe three-dimensional structure of human procarboxypeptidase A2 has been determined using X-ray crystallography at 1.8 A resolution. This is the first detailed structural report of a human pancreatic carboxypeptidase and of its zymogen. Human procarboxypeptidase A2 is formed by a pro-segment of 96 residues, which inhibits the enzyme, and a carboxypeptidase moiety of 305 residues. The pro-enzyme maintains the general fold when compared with other non-human counterparts. The globular part of the pro-segment docks into the enzyme moiety and shields the S2-S4 substrate binding sites, promoting inhibition. Interestingly, important differences are found in the pro-segment which allow the identification of the structural determinants of the diverse activation behaviours of procarboxypeptidases A1, B and A2, particularly of the latter. The benzylsuccinic inhibitor is able to diffuse into the active site of procarboxypeptidase A2 in the crystals. The structure of the zymogen-inhibitor complex has been solved at 2.2 A resolution. The inhibitor enters the active site through a channel formed at the interface between the pro-segment and the enzyme regions and interacts with important elements of the active site. The derived structural features explain the intrinsic activity of A1/A2 pro-enzymes for small substrates.
Descripción8 pages, 4 figures, 3 tables.-- PMID: 9384570 [PubMed].-- PMCID: PMC1170294.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/emboj/16.23.6906
ISSN0261-4189 (Print)
1460-2075 (Online)
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