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Species differentiation of Sepia officinalis and Sepia hierredda (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae) based on morphological and allozyme analyses

AutorGuerra, Ángel ; Pérez-Losada, Marcos; Rocha, Francisco; Sanjuan, A.
Fecha de publicaciónabr-2001
EditorCambridge University Press
CitaciónJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81(1): 271-281 (2001)
ResumenTwo taxa of commercially exploited cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis and S. hierredda, are compared for the first time on the bases of quantitative morphology and allozyme polymorphisms. Morphometric measurements and meristic counts of selected soft and hard (cuttlebone) body characters, with allozyme electrophoretic analysis are used. Samples were obtained from north-west Iberian Peninsula and Senegalese waters (West Africa). Significant differences in mantle width, arm and hectocotylus length, numbers of rows of reduced suckers on the hectocotylus and in most cuttlebone measurements were found. Canonical discriminant functions of cuttlebone measurements for males and females were calculated. Allozyme electrophoresis for 33 presumptive loci showed low levels of genetic variability and 13 diagnostic loci between the two Sepia taxa. The genetic identities (I) in pairwise comparisons of populations of both taxa were I=0·582–0·596, which are typical values for congeneric species. These congruent morphological and genetic results strongly suggest that S. officinalis and S. hierredda are different species.
Descripción7 pages, 3 figures, 5 tables, 2 appendix.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315401003745
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